First – corruption is illegal.
Second – It distorts competition and free markets.
Third – It incentivises and rewards unethical behaviour.
The bottom line is that corruption hinders social and economic growth, delays the emergence of developing economies and stunts thriving democracies based on good governance and the rule of law.
Political Will is important
Good example to take is Hong Kong. Hong Kong used to be very corrupt, but only took more than three years to change the people’s culture of corruption. Hong Kong became the 13th cleanest state in the world and succeeded in changing its culture of corruption in all the layers of its society.
People always consider the effort of changing the culture of corruption as taking a long time, in fact, generations. Apparently, this is wrong. In three years’ time, Hong kong proved that they were able to stop the syndication of corruption. Perhaps they might still have individual corruption, but for sure there was a change of culture during those three years. Here, however, what is needed is political will.
There is a clear picture that eradicating corruption depended on the leader. That is why, it is important to have political will, regulations, a proper budget, certainty and independence, so that the anticorruption commission is free from any political interest.
How do we measure the Evidence of progress on eradicating Corruption?
If we could see the corruption is not open and people no longer demanded bribes. The most significant change in the culture of corruption will be people no longer tolerated corruption in their lives and they were willing to report any forms of corruption to the police.
Anticorruption culture in the education system
Cultivating an anticorruption attitude early on, such as in schools. In Hong Kong, they teach in kindergarten.
Zero Tolerance in Anticorruption
Punishment to those who bribes no matter it is big case or small case. Big fish and small fish, if it was bribery, it was still illegal. If we want to change the culture, never tolerate bribery, no matter how small.
People appreciation and trust is needed in Anticorruption Institutions
The anticorruption institution must go after the big fish so that they can demonstrate seriousness, although they cannot ignore the small cases either. That’s how the culture is changed. We cannot left out the people who have power and authorities in order to work out in all layers of the society.
low-salaried government employees
The government must guarantee an adequate minimum wage for its employees.There must be an incentive not to commit corruption for those who find it hard to cope with financial difficulties.
There must be a campaign to make corruption a shameful activity. This can be done through campaign advertisements. On Tv Ads, banners on public places, etc.
The challenge of corruption eradication
It should start form the Top. Everything begins with cooperation among the leaders. Political parties should not have impact on investigating the corruption cases.
Can Burma be the clean state?
The answer for me is yes. Once the people in the society show zero tolerance on bribery and voicing out by reporting no matter how small it is would change the culture of Anticorruption in Burma.
The Anticorruption institutions must have power. Otherwise, it cannot function. There must be consideration towards possible abuse of power and so, a mechanism to prevent such an abuse is necessary. There should be an oversight unit who are community leaders to monitor the activities of the Anticorruption Institutions if one is formed.
If we apply the right strategy and the political will in fighting corruption, Burma will become one of the clean state in the world.