Burma: Lt. Gen. Yawd Serk regarding the conflict betweenRCSS/SSA and RCSS/SSA

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Saturday, 11 August 2012 22:18

Tai Freedom (TF) : What is the reason of constantconflict between UWSA and RCSS/SSA? Lt. Gen. Yawd Serk (SYS) : The conflict is not about either ethnic problem or trading problem as in the time of MTA. This has happened because the leaders of UWSA’s brigade 171 did not carefully analyze the news. They have military pride and think the problem can be solved through military means. They think the other will fear the use of threat. In fact, the use of military threat cannot

solve any problem. DoesUWSA think that it will only add more weight to the problem?Nobody will step back when it is concerning with the use of military. This would affect only the innocent public and young soldiersresulting in death.It is sorrowful to see the deaths and the handicaps from Loi Tai Leng battle fields in 2005 due to poor news analysis.That battle was fought as a result of the accusation by the Wa that SSA killed Ai Leng who own heroin factory at Karng Par. That could have been solved through negotiation. On 23 March 2012, our soldier was again captured with gun and i-com handset at Tham Vo Gio Gaw.On 16-17 June 2012, with the strength of 300 forces, they destroyed the public fences and farms near Loi Kaw Wan.On 30-31 July 2012, with 150 forces, they captured 14 soldiers from SSA battalion 727 with 14 guns and 4 i-com handsets and they are still not released.Major Tuen Khur sent his delegation for the negotiation and it is not accepted. This is amount to declaring war.

TF : Then how are you going to solve it?

SYS : For the time being, the conflict broke out within the regions only andwe want regional commanders to settle this first because the troops from 727 and 171 know and arein contact with one another. We believe it is not a big problem and will wait for the news. If it cannot still be solved and the report reaches the headquarters, the meeting will be held among the troops and the leaders to decide what to do.

TF : According to the news, is it true that UWSA is unhappy with RCSS/SSA’s request of Mong Daw Mong Htar?

SYS : In reality, RCSS/SSA’s request of Mong Daw Mong Htarhas not been complied with. UWSA also has no power and rights to not allow it because only the President Thein Sein government has the controlling power of the country. As we have signed a ceasefire agreement, we need the development zones. Mong Htar and Homong are our old areas from different periods.Although our request might have been fulfilled, we still don’t have a planto chase them out. We think we are people in the same homeland and we can stay together. We also heard that they are unhappy about it. It is possible to be so if we put ourselves in their own shoes.

TF : Is it possible that Wei Shio Karng is unhappy about the signing of the agreement of cooperation on drug eradication between RCSS and the President Thein Sein on 19 May 2012 and that he fears joint operation by RCSS and the Burma army?

SYS : That thought is one sided with fear and self-conscious. Indeed, UWSA at Pangsang accepts the policy by President Thein Sein and burnt down narcotic drugs on various occasions. If they are far sighted and cooperate with President Thein Sein government for drug eradication in front of the world communities, the warrants for their leadersmight have been decreased. They do not need to fear because UNODC used to cooperate with Pangsang for drug eradication.

RCSS/SSA’s cooperation with President Thein Sein government is due to the announcement by his government to totally eradicate narcotic drugs by 2014. RCSS also has the policy of drug eradication and thus in order for the drugs to rapidly disappear from the union,we see the need to help the President Thein Sein government. We see many teenagers of Shan State have been addicted to narcotic drugs, and fear the lack of strong younger generations for the development of the country. Therefore, we need to cooperate with President Thein Sein government. We do not have the plan as thought by the others to cooperate with the Burma army in attacking UWSA. We have also announced our plan of drug eradication through the development as first priority.

TF : Does Wei Xuegang’s UWSA fear because of thearrest warrants? How do you think of this?

SYS : Wei Xuegang’s group receives the arrest warrants issued by foreign governmentsfor a long time. That is international issue. We do not know much about it. If we are united, we can solve the political issue and the narcotic drug issue of the arrest warrants for them by the foreign government. If we cannot solve political issue, the problems of narcotic drugs and the arrest warrants would become bigger. The narcotic drug problem can deeply be rooted to new generations.

TF : Some say it is to earn money these days. If there is money, anything can be done. Only when there is money, there comes strength. How do you think about these?

SYS : The viewpoint of politician and that of the businessman are not the same. The name comes first for the politician. He puts national issue on his head and depends on the land to stand firm.If the money is put on the head, nation as slave and the land as garbage, it cannot be used to do anything and there is no guaranteehowever much money there is. There is no meaning with the money in the cave and nowhere to go. If the people have the knowledge of politics, no one will think highly of rich men with the money acquired unjustly. They will fear and just step away. Only the people with no knowledge of politics and in need of their daily food would stick with them. Money is honorable and has its own use but the clarification of its sources and usage is needed so that it can be guaranteed.

Lt-Gen Yawd Serk: Agreements lost in translation

Naypyitaw and Loi Taileng, the main base of the Restoration Council of Shan State / Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA), had signed two agreements since December, but neither has been fully implemented so far, due to conflicting interpretation by each side, according to Lt-Gen Yawd Serk, the RCSS/SSA leader.

The two sides signed two agreements in Taunggyi:

2 December 2011 8 point ceasefire agreement
16 January 2012 11 point agreement to designate Homong and Mong Hta sub-townships as RCSS/SSA HQ; Taunggyi, Kholam, Kengtung, Monghsat and Tachilek as liaison offices; and Muse and Namkham as trade offices
Lt-Gen Yawd Serk

According to regime papers, the second agreement has to do with “territorial designation,” which was interpreted by the Burma Army that all SSA units must carry no arms outside Homong and Mong Hta areas.

The SSA, on the other hand, said the agreement’s Point 1: “It is agreed to designate Homong sub-township and Mong Hta sub-township as RCSS/SSA Headquarters” should be sufficiently plain to every party concerned. Nowhere in the agreement says the SSA’s movements will be restricted to the two sub-townships. Continue reading “Lt-Gen Yawd Serk: Agreements lost in translation”

RCSS/SSA Holds Opening Ceremony of Military Training

Restoration Council of the Shan State (RCSS)/ Shan State Army (SSA) held the opening ceremony of the 11th round of the 3rd series of military training in Loi Tai Leng, headquarters, Shan State on 17 September where the high-ranking officers, the instructors and the trainees attended.RCSS Chairman Lt. Gen Yawd Serk, heads of departments, high-ranking officers, invited guests, the instructors and the trainees joined the opening ceremony that held at No.3 training camp at 9:45 am.

RCSS Chairman Lt. Gen Yawd Serk giving speech

Lt. Gen Yawd Serk and top leaders of RCSS gave the encouraging speeches to the trainees.


The opening ceremony of military training in progress

After all participants saluting the flags and paying homage to those who sacrificed their lives for the sake of the Shan State, the opening ceremony came to an end successfully.

Last Updated on Monday, 19 September 2011 12:22

Lt-Gen Yawd Serk,Shan rebel leader concerned over The Lady’s security


Lt-Gen Yawd Serk, leader of the anti-Naypyitaw Shan State Army (SSA) ‘South’, in response to Burma pro-democracy Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s call for “a second Panglong conference”, says he is still worried about her security and whether she will be able to hold the “21st century Panglong conference” because she will be under 24 hour surveillance by the ruling military junta.

“Her release doesn’t mean she can do everything she wants. It has limitations. So I am not sure whether she can move around freely or not because she will be followed by the ruling military either directly or indirectly,” Yawd Serk said.

Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, at the public gathering held yesterday, said that she is willing to call a 21st century “Panglong Conference” as mentioned earlier in 1989.

“I am therefore concerned how much she will be able to work for the ethnic peoples,” he said.

Nevertheless, Yawd Serk urged all people from Burma including ethnic nationalities to protect Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and continue supporting her because she is the only one who can lead the way in the implementation of the Panglong Agreement which was signed between her father Aung San who represented the Burmans, and leaders of Shans, Kachins and Chins in 1947.

“The root cause of the political problems in Burma is that the Panglong Agreement has been neglected and violated by the military junta. The problems between the ethnic groups and the Burma Army will never come to an end if the Agreement will still be ignored,” said Lt-Gen Yawd Serk.

“But to implement it, only Daw Aung San Suu Kyi can play the central role. Without Suu Kyi, nobody is going to believe the junta.”

The Panglong Agreement promises “Full autonomy in internal administration” and “rights and privileges which are fundamental in democratic countries.”

According to him, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi also needs to promote participation of the ethnic nationalities to build a genuine union. “Without ethnic participation, it will be difficult to resolve the problems of Burma.” 



Lt-Gen Yawd Serk, the leader of the Shan State Army-South (SSA-South)Fighting Due to Junta Pressure and Unfair Election

uesday, 09 November 2010 08:43
According to Lt-Gen Yawd Serk, the leader of the Shan State Army-South (SSA-South), fighting between the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) Brigade 5 and Burmese government troops is taking place because the military regime put to much pressure on DKBA Brigade 5 to join its border guard force.

“The unfair election might be another reason for the fighting in Myawaddy,” Ywad Serk told The Irrawaddy on Monday. “This election is not good for everyone, in our point of view, because it wasn’t free, fair or creditable. It can’t solve the problems which are still happening in the ethnic areas. The regime just wanted to legitimize itself.”

Clashes between the SSA-South, which observers say has more than 7,000 troops, and the regime’s troops are also taking place every day in Shan State, Ywad Serk said. He added that his fighters hasn’t yet decided whether to help the DKBA because of the geographical situation.

The fighting between the DKBA Brigade 5 and the regime’s troops started at 9 a.m. Monday, according to Na Kham Mwe, the commander of DKBA Brigade 5.

About 10,000 refugees have fled to Thailand because of the fighting. The Irrawaddy


Lt-Gen Yawd Serk,Shan Freedom Fighter leader spurns secret talks report

Reports about the anti-Naypyitaw Shan State Army (SSA) ‘South’ holding closed door meetings with Naypyitaw is spreading among ceasefire groups, according to sources from the Sino-Burma border.

The meeting was reported to have been held in late April coinciding with reports that the ceasefire Shan State Army (SSA) ‘North’ had agreed to transform itself into a home guard force run by the Burma Army. According to a United Wa State Army (UWSA) source, the Burma’s ruling military council was said to have asked the SSA South join hands with it in the fight against drug dealing groups.

Most ceasefire groups especially the UWSA are reputedly involved in the drug trade.

The SSA ‘South’ has categorically denied the report. It said it has not received any further invitation for talks from the Burma Army since 2007. The report therefore is just a plot by the military junta to discourage alliance between the ceasefire groups and the SSA ‘South’, according to its leader Lt-Gen Yawd Serk.

“It is just a malicious rumor. We give our solemn word we will never betray our allies and our people,” he said. “We will also never do anything without informing our allies and our people first.”

Anyhow the SSA will always welcome peace talks with the Burma Army if there is a safe venue for both sides.

In addition, he said, “I would strongly urge all the ceasefire groups and non-ceasefire groups at this time that we all have to stay more united, to listen to each other and to be careful about news coming from every side. Because the military junta will do whatever it can to destroy our unity.”

He also urged all the groups to work in the interests of the people. Likewise, people are also being urged not to be afraid and not to run away from their homes anymore.

The Burma Army invited the SSA ‘South’ for a peace talk in 2007.

However the proposed meeting scheduled for 23 May 2007 did not take place as the two disagreed on the choice of venue: The Burma Army wanted to hold it in Tachilek, opposite Mae Sai, but the SSA said for the first meeting it should be held on a neutral country i.e. Thailand.

One border analyst says the Burma Army is playing games to keep the ceasefire groups from teaming up with the SSA South. “This is very obviously a psychological warfare.”