Myanmar’s Two Child Policy and the Human Rights Paradoxes By: Dr. Tun Kyaw Nyein

Myanmar’s Two Child Policy and the Human Rights Paradoxes
By: Dr.Tun Kyaw Nyein

The local authorities in Rakhine State reaffirmed a 2005 regulation
imposing a two child policy for Bengali Muslims in Buthidaung and
Maungdaw townships. This policy evoked thunderous howls of protest from
human rights organizations as well as the international media that
slammed it as a violation of human rights.


Several countries in Asia have child restriction policies. Such 
policies are either already in place, in planning stage or contemplated 
as population growth poses a challenge to the general welfare of their 
citizens. China’s one-child policy is a well known example. Vietnam has 
had a two-child policy since 1960, which is now relaxed; India has a 
two-child policy for a specific defined group; and the Phillipines is 
giving serious thought to child restriction policies.

If we take a look at these policies from the perspective of global
basic human rights as formulated in the United Nations Declaration of
Human Rights, the picture is ambiguous.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) encompasses political,
social, economic and cultural rights, positive and negative rights.
These rights have been specified and amended in the past decades in
several UN conferences and Covenants. For instance, a covenant of 1968
has specified with regard to our topic that “parents have a basic human
right to determine freely and responsibly the number and the spacing of
their children.” However, the UDHR has also formulated social and
economic rights such as the right to have work, the right to social
security or like in Article 25 “the right to a standard of living
adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family,
including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social Continue reading “Myanmar’s Two Child Policy and the Human Rights Paradoxes By: Dr. Tun Kyaw Nyein”