As to amendments of the Constitution, it is not easy to amend all aspects to prepare for 2015. At stake is not just military but also the ethnic military groups. The Constitution needs to be amended before 2015 and before 2020 step-by-step. We need to prepare the election in three parts:
(1) To arrange and prepare for the establishment of the “democratic federal union”
(2) To reorganize the balance of power to sustain national reconciliation
(3) To prepare free and fair election in 2015
The Constitution is difficult to amend, especially Chapter 12 Article 436 (A) and (B). I think everyone who is involved in amending the Constitution needs to understand the National Reconciliation Framework and know what to amend before and after 2015.
436.(a)If it is necessary to amend the provisions of Sections 1 to 48 inChapter I, Sections 49 to 56 in Chapter II, Sections 59 and 60 in ChapterIII, Sections 74, 109, 141 and 161 in Chapter IV, Sections 200, 201,248 and 276 in Chapter V, Sections 293, 294, 305, 314 and 320 inChapter VI, Sections 410 to 432 in Chapter XI and Sections 436 inChapter XII of this Constitution, it shall be amended with the prior approvalof more than seventy-five percent of all the representatives of thePyidaungsu Hluttaw, after which in a nation-wide referendum only withthe votes of more than half of those who are eligible to vote.
(b)Provisions other than those mentioned in Sub-Section (a) shall beamended only by a vote of more than seventy-five percent of all therepresentatives of the Pyidaungsu
More than a week ago, I wrote that the current Myanmar’s economic, political and social agenda were showing signs vis-à-vis national reconciliation of possible backtracking.
The national reconciliation means bringing together the people including the national ethnic groups and the military, as their relations have been strained since 1962 when the military seized power. To achieve this, the military should take up its primary responsibility in defense of the country, and to refrain from governing and politics, and to give the power back to the people, who are real owners of the country. That is the goal of the national reconciliation. Continue reading “Amendments of the Constitution: At stake is not just military but also the ethnic military groups”
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