Myanmar’s manufacturing sector faces various challenges, including corruption, lack of technology, inadequate financing, a lack of skilled labour, inflation of land and rent prices and inadequate supplies, all of which are most likely to constrain growth in the sector, according to the Myanmar Business Survey.
14/01/2015 – Improving Myanmar’s agricultural sector by building up food processing activities and related services could help the transformation of the country’s economy, to a more modern one able to produce higher-value goods for export, according to a new OECD report.
Poor rural infrastructure, inadequate farmer skills, insufficient government services to promote exports and lack of access to finance in the agricultural sector would also need to be addressed, the report says. For example, only 2.5% of loans in Myanmar go to the rural sector despite the fact the sector accounts for 30% of gross domestic product (GDP) and two-thirds of jobs.
“Myanmar’s transformation to a modern economy could be kick-started through a strong focus on the agricultural sector where most people currently work. Increasing access to finance in rural areas and improving farmer skills will be vital to boosting farm productivity, freeing up workers for manufacturing and services”, said OECD Deputy Secretary General Rintaro Tamaki, launching Volume 2 of the OECD’s Multi-dimensional Review of Myanmar in Yangon.
In the manufacturing sector, the main factors hampering business development are corruption, a lack of technology and poor access to land and office space, according to the report.Resolving ambiguity over land rights, improving infrastructure and reforming the financial system would help create the right conditions for the wider economy to flourish. More government support to promote Myanmar’s exports abroad and in strengthening health and safety regulatory systems so that products meet export standards would also have a positive impact.
This structural transformation will need considerable investment. Achieving the government’s growth targets could require investment of between 21% and 28% of GDP annually over the next two decades and as much as 30-40% of GDP by 2035. To meet its funding needs, Myanmar should consider all available sources of finance. External sources – including Official Development Aid, Foreign Direct Investment and remittances from the country’s large diaspora – could meet as much as one third of financing needs for the rest of the decade. However, the bulk of financial resources, especially for the medium to long term, will need to come from domestic sources, including government revenues and household savings, which are currently very low.
Tay Za, chairman of Htoo Group of Companies, said at a press release at his residence on January 19 that he has purchased uranium-bearing ores weighing 3.5 visses.
He said he brought the ores at a price of Ks 20 million per viss from lapidaries Aung Naing from Mogok and Nyunt Wai from Phone-Kan village, about 35 miles from Mogok, where the stones were found. He paid a total of Ks 50 million for the ores.
He said he bought the ores 10 days ago and sent them to the Ministry of Science and Technology a week ago to check whether or not they bear uranium.
He pledged to inform the media of the laboratory results. He also told reporters that he is now suffering from uranium radiation.
“I have a burning desire for the security of the country. And I want to do something beneficial for the country. Security is very crucial for all countries in the world. As far as I know, business people from the US always extend a helping hand to the country’s security. So our country should follow in the steps of others,” he added.CR. ELEVEN MEDIA
Shame on you Min Aung Hling! Since the beginning, it is wrong to have active-duty soldiers occupied quarter of the seats in the parliament directly appointed by military commander-in-chief. [Burma Democratic Concern (BDC)]
YANGON: Myanmar’s military chief feels his country is not ready for a reduced military role in Parliament. In an exclusive interview with Channel NewsAsia, Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing said the military needs to be in Parliament because the country is still a young democracy.
The current Constitution mandates a 25 percent military representation in Parliament. Military officers occupy one quarter of the elected seats in Parliament. But under the Constitution, they are appointed and not elected by the people.
Citizens are calling for that clause, known as section 436, to be amended. The military chief however is reluctant to do so at this stage of Myanmar’s transition.
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing said: “It’s been only about four years. We are still a young democracy. When we are moving towards a multi-party democratic system it needs to be a strong system. The military representatives in Parliament only give advice in the legislative process. They can never make decisions.”
“It will depend a lot on the country’s unity, its peace and stability. To specify an exact time is difficult,” he said, referring to the call to amend section 436.
But that uncertainty is making many uneasy. Some feel the 25 percent military representation will hinder Myanmar’s democratization process.
Said political analyst Dr Yan Myo Thein: “Most of the Myanmar people are worried about who will make the decision on the assessment of Myanmar’s maturity on the democratisation process, and when the process will end.
“The military’s 25 percent representation in the Parliament is not a solution. The real solution is for the military to perform its major duties of safeguarding and protecting the state and the people, out of the Parliament and not inside the Parliament, and not direct involvement of the military officers in the Parliament.”
Outside of Parliament, the 59-year-old military chief’s name has been tossed up as a potential presidential candidate, as he nears the retirement age of 60.
Senior General Min Aung Hlaing said: “About becoming President, I will decide, depending on the situation of the times. If I turn my attention to (politics) now, it is likely to weaken the job I’m doing. Right now it is too early to make a decision and talk about it.”
The military chief however did not rule out the possibility of entering the political arena. Recently, Senior General Min Aung Hlaing also started to slowly lift the veil of secrecy often associated with the military, by communicating with the media and acknowledging the need to be more in touch with the people – signs that his contributions may not end with his retirement from the military.
A pragmatic solution must be sought(1)
Two young female volunteers from Kachin Baptist Convention (KBC) were brutally raped and killed in Kaungkhar village, Pan Sai Township, Muse District in northern Shan State on the night of January 19.
The two teachers, both 20-year-olds, were sent there by the KBC, a religious organisation which is influential over Kachin nationals and Kachin Independence Organisation.
But the problem concerns not only Kachin nationals but all the ethnicities living in Myanmar. There were many instances of ethnic women being raped and murdered in conflict regions in the past. Cases of physical assaults were also common.
The case of the two Kachin teachers will be more than an ordinary criminal case. The truth behind the case should be unveiled as soon as possible.
The sketch map shows the locations in a 300-yard radius of the crime scene (Photo-Google Earth)
The photo shows foot prints (cricled) near a pile of firewood beside the bodies of two teachers (Photo-EMG)
The rapist of a Peruvian woman in Kyaikthiyo faced 43-year jail term. Another culprit of an attempted rape case over an American woman was sentenced to life imprisonment. The proceedings of these cases finished in no time. Both of the offenders faced with the penalties much heavier than their actions.
A case has been filed under Section 302 of murder charge at Kyugoke Police Station, Pan Sai Township for the case of two Kachin volunteers. But this is not an ordinary felony but an unearthly gruesome rape-and-murder case.
Ten civilians and 30 soldiers from No. 503 Infantry Regiment under the North-East Command were questioned because the women were raped and murdered while the regiment was stationed in the village. Required forensic tests were conducted as well. Still, it is yet to identify the offenders.
Besides Kachin organisations, civil society organisations have called for a probe into the case. The US Department of State also weighed in and called on Myanmar to bring the perpetrators to justice on January 21.
Kaungkhar village in Nant Taung village-tract – the area where the tragedy took place – is located between Muse and Monekoe and only 10 miles away from the Muse 105th Mile trade hub.
First of all, it is within the reach of the rule of law. Secondly, it is located by the tarred road where the military columns used to pass through.
Further, troops from No.503 Infantry Regiment under the North-East Command arrived on the morning of January 19 and spent the night in Kaungkhar Village at the time of the incident. more on to read all
KACHIN NATIONAL ORGANIZATION (KNO) CONDEMNS RAPE AND MURDER OF TWO KACHIN TEACHERS AND CALLS FOR INQURY ON CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY
Funeral of the two Kachin teachers who were raped, tortured and killed on January 19 by Burmese Military. The funeral prayer service was held at AD 2000 memorial hall, Kacin Theological Collage, Myitkyina.
Two ethnic Kachin volunteer school teachers of the Kachin Baptist Convention were raped and then killed the Burmy Army soldiers from 88th Light Infantry Division in the village of Kawng Hka, Nam Tau Township in Muse region of northern Shan State on 19.01.2015.
Images of the two women’s mutilated bodies quickly spread on social media, coupled with unsubstantiated rumors that the pair had been gang-raped by Burmese soldiers. The cause of death and the incident of rape have not yet been confirmed by medical professionals.
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