Ethnic armed leaders to discuss combining two drafts of national ceasefire deal

Almost 100 participants from 18 armed ethnic groups, including UNFC members, gathered at the Kachin Independence Organisation headquarters of Laiza on October 30 for the three days of talks. The historic meeting – the first of its kind in more than 60 years – was convened to examine a draft ceasefire agreement proposed by the government. Groups are expected to decide whether to agree to sign the ceasefire at a ceremony in Nay Pyi Taw.

The only absentees were the United Wa State Army and National Democratic Alliance Army, a group based at Mong La in eastern Shan State.


The ethnic armed leaders’ meeting scheduled for the end of this month will mainly discuss the combining of two drafts for a nationwide ceasefire accord, says the joint secretary of the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC). 

Colonel Khun Okka revealed the plan two days before the meeting being held in Laiza, Kachin State, where the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) is headquartered.

More than 17 ethnic armed groups were expected to attend the meeting, to be held from today through Friday.

At the moment, there are two drafts of the nationwide ceasefire agreement the government is planning to sign with the ethnic armed groups. One was written based on resolutions coming out of the second ethnic conference in late July and a UNFC meeting in October. The second draft was written by the Working Group for Ethnic Coordination. The Karen National Union and the Restoration Council of Shan State submitted this draft to the government, which later revised it with some amendments and supplements.

“We need to adjust those two drafts. But we will mainly focus on the one from the ethnic conference. Then we will shorten the draft agreement from the government-sponsored Myanmar Peace Center (MPC), because it has a lot of provisions. I assume we can produce a proper one,” said Colonel Khun Okka.

For the other draft, originally prepared by the WGEC and later revised by the MPC, the joint secretary described it as seemingly “unworkable.”

“I have roughly studied the draft. I read it two or three times. Yet, I cannot give official comments on it. The draft seems unworkable. Here, we will consider only the three-part draft prepared by the ethnics,” he said.

“The MPC’s revised draft is a bit long. In some cases, such as in forming committees and joint committees, the procedures mentioned are quite complicated. For the ethnics, it is difficult to understand. So, a comprehensive draft will be written and we will try to reach the agreement on details. Then, the agreement must be implemented. Implementation is a must because without it, the agreement will be broken.”

The UNFC’s joint general secretaries, Colonel Khun Okka and Naing Han Tha, arrived in Laiza Township on Monday for the meeting of ethnic armed group leaders. The rest of the leaders arrived yesterday.


Myanmar president: Ethnic summit could help build peace in nation

YANGON, Oct. 30 (Xinhua) — Myanmar President U Thein Sein said Wednesday that the decision for future tasks adopted and agreements produced out of ongoing ethnic armed groups’ summit in Laiza, northernmost Kachin state’s border town, could help sign nationwide ceasefire accords with the government and lay down framework for political dialogue to build peace in the country, according to the President’s Office.

U Thein Sein made the remarks in his message to the Laiza ethnic summit, organized by the Kachin Independence Organization ( KIO) and participated by other armed groups including United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC), Kayin National Union (KNU), Restoration Council of the Shan State Army (RCSS), Democratic Kayin Buddhist Army (DKBA) and New Mon State Party (NMSP).

He also expressed the belief that national reconciliation could only be achieved through joint efforts of all nationalities inhabiting in the union.

 The three-day ethnic summit, which began on Wednesday, will mainly discuss nationwide ceasefire, political dialogue and establishment of federal union system

In their latest talks in Myitgyina earlier this month, Myanmar government and the KIO agreed to work together towards nationwide ceasefire and lay foundation for political dialogue.

The seven-point agreement, signed between the government’s Central Peace Making Group and the KIO, includes KIO’s demand for holding the present Ethnic Armed Groups Conference; working to end all armed clashes; establishment of a Joint Monitoring Committee to de-escalate the military tension, resettlement of internal displaced persons, reopening of public-used roads within the Kachin State closed due to conflicts and coordination for early resumption of next talks.

The government maintained that only when political dialogue is held, then matters related to equal rights, self-administration, federalism, constitution amendment, power sharing and resources sharing can be further touched upon.

he government claimed reaching ceasefire agreements with 14 ethnic armed groups since the president’s peace offer was extended in August 2011, leaving three armed groups mainly unsettled including KIO and Palaung State Liberation Front (PSLF), also known as Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA).

Meanwhile, the Myanmar president was encouraged by the assurance of all armed groups that they will never secede from the Union of Myanmar.


ရမ္းျဗဲ လ၀ကမွဴး ထင္တိုင္းၾကဲေန (ေပးစာ)

ရမ္းျဗဲ လ၀ကမွဴး ထင္တိုင္းၾကဲေန (ေပးစာ)

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ ရမ္းျဗဲျမိဳ႕နယ္မွ လဝက ဦးစီးသိန္းေဇာ္္သည္ ႏိုင္ငံသား စီစစ္ေရး ကတ္ျပား ျပဳလုပ္ရန္ လာေရာက္ေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသားမ်ားအား မိုက္ရုိင္းစြာထပ္မံ ဆက္ဆံျခင္း ဟိန္းေဟာက္ျခင္း မ်ားျပဳလုပ္ေနပါသည္။ ႏိုင္ငံသား စီစစ္ေရး ကတ္ျပား ျပဳလုပ္ရာတြင္လည္း အမ်ိဳးမ်္ိဳး ေငြညွစ္၍ ေတာင္းခံေနပါသည္။ ယခုလက္ရွိအခ်ိန္တြင္လည္း
တိုင္းရင္းသားမ်ားအား ညစ္ပတ္ျပီးႏိုင္ငံသားစီစစ္ေရး ကတ္ျပားတစ္ခုကို ၃၀၀၀ က်ပ္ ကို လဝက ဦးစီး သိန္းေဇာ္ ကိုယ္တိုင္ မိမိအခန္းတြင္း၌ ေတာင္းခံေနပါသည္။ ပထမအႀကိမ္ အသိေပး တင္ျပခဲ႔ေသာ္လည္း ထိေရာက္စြာအေရးယူမူ မရွိ၍ သူကိုယ္တိုင္ ထင္တိုင္း လုပ္ေနပါသည္။ သို႔ျဖစ္ပါ၍ ၄င္းလဝက ဦးစီးသိန္းေဇာ္အား အေရးယူ ေပးႏိုင္ပါရန္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုဝန္ႀကီး ဦးခင္ရီ သိရွိႏိုင္ပါရန္ ဒုတိယ အႀကိမ္ တင္ျပ လိုက္ပါသည္။




★နိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတက တိုင္ရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အဖဲြ႔အစည္းမ်ား၏ လိုင္ဇာ အစည္းအေဝးသို႔ ေပးပို႔သည့္ သဝဏ္လႊာ★

★နိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတက တိုင္ရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အဖဲြ႔အစည္းမ်ား၏ လိုင္ဇာ
အစည္းအေဝးသို႔ ေပးပို႔သည့္ သဝဏ္လႊာ★
ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတႀကီးဟာ လိုင္ဇာမွာက်င္းပျပဳလုပ္တဲ့ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ားရဲ႕ လိုင္ဇာအစည္းအေဝးကို ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၉ ရက္စြဲနဲ႕ သဝဏ္လႊာတစ္ေစာင္ ေပးပို႕ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတႀကီးရဲ႕ သဝဏ္လႊာအျပည့္ အစုံမွာ ေအာက္ပါအတိုင္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္-

president thein sein

♦ နိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတက တိုင္ရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အဖဲြ႔အစည္းမ်ား၏
လိုင္ဇာအစည္းအေဝးသို႔ ေပးပို႔သည့္ သဝဏ္လႊာ♦

၂၀၁၃ ခုနွစ္၊ ေအာက္တိုဘာလ ၂၉ ရက္

♦ လိုင္ဇာအစည္းအေဝးသို႔ တက္ေရာက္လာေသာ တိုင္းရင္းသားညီေနာင္မ်ားအား ခင္မင္ရင္းနီွးစြာၿဖင့္ နႈတ္ခြန္း ဆက္သအပ္ပါသည္။

♦ ၿပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတၿမန္မာနိုင္ငံေတာ္အတြင္း ထာဝရတည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲသည့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တည္ေဆာက္နိုင္ရန္ ရည္မွန္းခ်က္ၿဖင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသား လက္နက္ကိုင္ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား ကခ်င္ၿပည္နယ္လိုင္ဇာတြင္ အစည္းအေဝး က်င္းပေနသည္ကို သိရိွရပါသည္။

♦ အဆိုပါ အစည္းအေဝးတြင္ ေဆြးေႏြးဆံုးၿဖတ္ခ်က္မ်ား၊ သေဘာတူညီခ်က္မ်ားနွင့္ ေရွ႕တြင္ ဆက္လက္ ေဆာင္ရြက္မည့္လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္မ်ား ခ်မွတ္ၿခင္းသည္ ၿပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတ ၿမန္မာနိုင္ငံေတာ္အတြင္း ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ၿပန္လည္ေဖာ္ေဆာင္နိုင္ေရးအတြက္ နိုင္ငံလံုးဆိုင္ရာ အပစ္အခတ္ ရပ္စဲၿခင္း သေဘာတူညီခ်က္ လက္မွတ္ ေရးထိုးနိုင္ရန္၊ နိုင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးမႈ မူေဘာင္ခ်မွတ္နိုင္ရန္နွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးမႈၿဖင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ တို႔အတြက္ အေထာက္အကူၿဖစ္ေစမည္ဟု ယံုႀကည္ပါသည္။

♦ ၿပည္ေထာင္စုမၿပိဳကဲြေရး၊ တိုင္းရင္းသားစည္းလံုးညီညြတ္မႈ မၿပိဳကဲြေရးနွင့္ အခ်ဳပ္အၿခာအာဏာ တည္တံ့ ခိုင္ၿမဲေရး တို႔အတြက္ ႏုိ္င္ငံအတြင္း မီွတင္းေနထိုင္ႀကေသာ တိုင္းရင္းသား အားလံုးက စည္းလံုးညီညြတ္စြာၿဖင့္ လက္တဲြေဆာင္ရြက္မွသာ ေအာင္ၿမင္စြာ အေကာင္ အထည္ေဖာ္ ေဆာင္နိုင္မည္ဟု ယံုႀကည္ပါေႀကာင္းနွင့္ အစည္းအေဝး ေအာင္ၿမင္ပါေစေႀကာင္း ဆုမြန္ေကာင္းေတာင္း၍ သဝဏ္လႊာေပးပို႔ လိုက္ပါသည္။


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(ကမာရြတ္) ဖယ္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတႏိုင္ငံ တည္ေဆာက္ေရးဟု လိုင္ဇာညီလာခံ၌ UNFC ဥကၠဌ ေျပာၾကား

REPORT from LAIZA – Kachin State:
ဖယ္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတႏိုင္ငံ တည္ေဆာက္ေရးဟု လိုင္ဇာညီလာခံ၌ UNFC ဥကၠဌ ေျပာၾကား
UNFC အပါအဝင္ လက္နက္ကိုင္အဖြဲ႕အစည္း ၁၇ဖြဲ႕တက္ေရာက္သည့္ လိုင္ဇာညီလာခံ၏ ၃ရက္ၾကာ အစည္းအေဝးကို စတင္က်င္းပေနၿပီး စစ္မွန္ၿပီး ဂုဏ္သိကၡာရွိေသာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးသည္ ဖယ္ဒရယ္ျပည္ေထာင္စု သမၼတႏိုင္ငံတည္ေဆာက္ေရးျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း UNFC ဥကၠဌ ဒုတိယဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီး အင္ဘန္လက အဖြင့္မိန္႔ခြန္း၌ ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည္။ဝျပည္ေသြးစည္းညီညြတ္ေရးတပ္မေတာ္ UWSA ႏွင့္ မိုင္းလားအဖြဲ႕တို႔ တက္ေရာက္ျခင္းမရွိေသာ္လည္း တိုင္းရင္းသားထိပ္သီးေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေလ့လာသူ ၇ဝေက်ာ္ တက္ေရာက္သည့္ လိုင္ဇာညီလာခံအား တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးက ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ထားေနၾကေသာေၾကာင့္ ေနာက္တစ္ႀကိမ္ အမွားမခံႏိုင္ေတာ့ဟု ဆိုသည္။

ကရင့္အမ်ဳိးသားအစည္းအရံုး ဥကၠဌ ဗိုလ္ခ်ဳပ္ႀကီး မူတူးေဆးေဖာက ႏွစ္ေပါင္း ၆ဝေက်ာ္ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡကို အဆံုးသတ္ေရးသည္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးနည္းလမ္းျဖင့္သာ ေျဖရွင္းျခင္းျဖစ္ၿပီး ယခုညီလာခံမွ အားလံုးလိုလားေသာ ပန္းတိုင္ေရာက္ေစဖို႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ေၾကာင္း ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည္။

တို႔တာဝန္အေရးသံုးပါးနဲ႔အညီ တိုင္းရင္းသားအဖြဲ႕မ်ား လက္တြဲေဆာင္ရြက္ၾကဖို႔ ဆုမြန္ေကာင္းေတာင္းေၾကာင္း လိုင္ဇာၿမိဳ႕တြင္ က်င္းပေနေသာ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္မ်ားညီလာခံကို သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္က သဝဏ္လႊာေပးပို႔ခဲ့သည္။

တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုး အပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရး လက္မွတ္ထိုးရန္ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးပြဲအတြက္ မူေဘာင္ခ်မွတ္ရန္ ယခု လိုင္ဇာညီလာခံသည္ အေထာက္အကူျဖစ္မည္ဟု သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္က ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ေၾကာင္း ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည္။ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္မ်ားတြင္ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ၏ စစ္တပ္ကိုယ္တိုင္ ပါဝင္ဖို႔လိုေၾကာင္း PSLF ဥကၠဌ မိုင္းအိုက္ဘုန္းက ဆိုသည္။

ရွမ္းျပည္ျပန္လည္ထူေထာင္ေရးေကာင္စီ RCSS/SSA ႏွင့္ ကရင့္အမ်ဳိးသားအစည္းအရံုး KNU က အပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေရးထက္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေဆြးေႏြးမႈကို ဦးစားေပး လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်င္ေၾကာင္းညီလာခံတြင္ သေဘာထားေပး ေျပာဆိုခဲ့သည္။