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FREE NAY MYO ZIN- ဗုိလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္း ေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ ေထာင္ ၆ ႏွစ္ ခ်မွတ္ခံရ-ENG/BURMESE

May 8, 2013

May 7, 2013

ဧရာဝတီတိုင္း၊ မအူပင္ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မွာ အက်ဥ္းက်ခံေနရတဲ့ ဗိုလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္း ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ကို အရင္အမႈေဟာင္းအတိုင္း ျပန္လည္က်ခံဖို႔ ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ၆ ႏွစ္ ခ်မွတ္လိုက္တယ္လို႔ သတင္းရရိွပါတယ္။

ဗိုလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္း ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ကို အသေရဖ်က္မႈနဲ႔ အခုရက္ပိုင္းအတြင္း ပန္းတေနာ္တရားရံုးက ဒဏ္ေငြက်ပ္ ၂ ေသာင္း ေပးေဆာင္ဖို႔ ဒါမွမဟုတ္ ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ၃ လက်ခံဖို႔ အမိန္႔ခ်မွတ္ခဲ့ပါတယ္။ ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္က အဲဒီေငြဒဏ္ကို မေပးေဆာင္ပဲ မအူပင္အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မွာ ေထာင္ဒဏ္က်ခံေနတာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ဒီေန႔ညေန ၄ နာရီမွာ မအူပင္ခရိုင္ အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးမွဴး ဦးေအးေသာင္းက အက်ဥ္းေထာင္အတြင္း ေရာက္ရိွလာၿပီး အရင္ျပစ္မႈေဟာင္းကို ျပန္လည္က်ခံဖို႔ အမိန္႔စာလာေရာက္ဖတ္ၾကားခဲ့တယ္လို႔ ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ရဲ႕ ညီျဖစ္သူ ဦးခင္ေမာင္ေထြးက ေျပာပါတယ္။

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update 9.may.

Former political prisoners have raised questions over the president’s granting of amnesties after a political activist was sentenced to six years in jail again though he had been released by a presidential pardon.

Political activists also comment that the government’s attempt to revive Section 401 of the Code of Criminal Procedure in granting pardons and amnesties during Thein Sein’s presidency can harm national reconciliation.

Former army captain Nay Myo Zin from Myanmar Social Life Development Network was ordered by a local court in Ayeyawady Region to pay a fine of 20,000 kyats for defaming the police’s reputation last Thursday. But he was sentenced to three months in jail as he refused to pay the fine.

Pantanaw Court issued a release warrant for Nay Myo Zin after his relatives paid the fine on May 7. Officials from Maubin Prison however did not release him saying that the Home Affairs Ministry ruled that he was to be imprisoned to serve the remaining six-year jail term, which was imposed against him when he was charged with an offence for his political movements.

Nay Myo Zin was one of the ex-political prisoners, who were released when President Thein Sein granted the first amnesty to 651 prisoners on January 12, 2012 under Section 401 Sub-section (1). On the same day, 88 Generation Students Group members Min Ko Naing, Ko Ko Gyi, Jimmy, Mya Aye, Pyone Cho and Htay Kywe and Shan National League for Democracy chairman Khun Tun Oo were also released from their prisons.

By order of the president, Myanmar has granted amnesty five times – four in 2012 and one in May, 2013.

The ex-political prisoners however comment that there no longer should be political prisoners under democratic system. Moreover, the government must consider an unconditional release of all the political prisoners, they point out.

’88 Group’s Jimmy said imprisoning Nay Myo Zin again is in a way threatening the released political prisoners.

“It’s an indirect threat to all of us (the released political prisoners). The government is trying to win international recognition by releasing political prisoners. But locally, it has done such an impropriate act,” he said.

Jimmy’s prison term was reduced from 65 years to 30 years. But he was released after he had been in prison for four years.

There are some reported cases that the government used to release some political prisoners under Section 401 but when they were arrested again they had to serve both a new prison term plus the remaining term of their former charges.

One former political prisoner Zaw Thet Htwe said: “The government released us saying it would seek cooperation in democratic reforms. We were released before our prison terms were over. In cases of arresting political activists again for law violations in ongoing democratic movements, authorities made them serve the remaining jail of the past. This means that the government is very weak in its national reconciliation efforts.”

SNLD Chairman Khun Tun Oo also said: “It is an unfair law, which has tied us since colonial days. Saying about my case, authorities put me behind bars for 93 years although I was not guilty. They take into account the remaining period of jail terms after we have been released. It is like we are walking along the blade of a sword.”

A patron of the opposition party, who was released in 2008 after serving his jail term since 1989, said such problems would remain so long as the government (including the next one) continues freeing prisoners under Section 401.

“When authorities released me, I did not sign in bail bonds. I did not listen to them reading rules and regulations. We want a ‘general amnesty’. If the government releases prisoners under that law, we will have to go to jail again like Nay Myo Zin,” said National League for Democracy patron Win Tin.

When any person has been sentenced to punishment for an offence, the President of the Union may at any time, without conditions or upon any conditions which the person sentenced accepts, suspend the execution of his sentence or remit the whole or any part of the punishment to which he has been sentenced, states Section 401 Sub-section (1) of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Sub-section (3) also states that if any condition on which a sentence has been suspended or remitted in the opinion of the President of Union, not fulfilled, the President of the Union may cancel the suspension or remission, and there upon the person in whose favour the sentence has been suspended or remitted may, if at large, be arrested by police-officer without warrant remanded to undergo the unexpired portion of sentence.

Some political analysts comment that many politicians, including members of ’88 Group, tend to be imprisoned again as they have been released under Sub-section (3).

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Nay Myo Zin, a former military captain turned social activist and opposition member, was one of 591 political prisoners released under a presidential pardon in January 2012, but his release, like that of all former political prisoners, was conditional. According to Burma’s penal code, any former political prisoner who is convicted of another crime is required to serve not only his new prison sentence, but also the remaining years of his old, canceled sentence.

Last week, Nay Myo Zin refused to pay a fine of 20,000 kyat (US $22) after being convicted in January of defaming a police officer in Irrawaddy Division. Instead, he agreed to serve a three-month prison sentence in the town of Maubin.

Despite his decision, he had hope of early release. On Tuesday, farmers in Pantanaw Township, where he was sentenced, collectively paid Nay Myo Zin’s fine in court so he could be a free man again.

But just before his release on Tuesday, the district administrator announced that the Ministry of Home Affairs would require Nay Myo Zin to serve the remaining years of his old, canceled sentence—or six more years in prison—according to Section 401 of the penal code.

“His mother and brother went to the Maubin prison to bring him out because the farmers had paid his fine on Tuesday,” said Nay Myo Zin’s wife, Zin Myo Maw. “But the order from [Minister] Ko Ko, of the Ministry of Home Affairs, came in and he was not released.”

Nay Myo Zin was originally sentenced to 10 years in prison in August 2011 for breaking the Electronic Transactions Act, a law that is highly criticized by free speech advocates.

His lawyer in the defamation case, Robert San Aung criticized the ministry’s order to keep him in prison.

“The court accepted the fine payment and wrote us the release warrant” on Tuesday, said Robert San Aung, who is also an activist and former political prisoner. “Section 401 should not be in the law anymore. It should not be in practice at the present time.

“The announcement of the presidential pardon on Jan. 13 last year said President Thein Sein was releasing those political prisoners for the sake of national reconciliation. This act is untenable given the push for reconciliation.”

The lawyer said he would submit a letter of petition to the president, the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission and Parliament’s committee on human rights and civil rights this month. IRRAWADDY NEWS

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“ျပည္ထဲေရးဝန္ႀကီး ဦးကိုကိုရဲ႕အမိန္႔နဲ႔ေပါ့ဗ်ာ၊ ပထမက်ခံခဲ့ရတဲ့ ျပစ္ဒဏ္ထဲကေနၿပီးေတာ့ ၆ ႏွစ္ က်ခံေစဆိုၿပီး၊ ခရိုင္အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးမွဴး ဦးေအးေသာင္း အမိန္႔စာလာဖတ္သြားတယ္လို႔ ေျပာပါတယ္၊ မအူပင္ေထာင္ထဲကို လာဖတ္သြားတာပါ၊ ေထာင္ရဲ႕အရာရွိတစ္ဦးကေနလာၿပီးေတာ့ ေရွ႕ေနရွိပါသလားလို႔ေမးတယ္၊ ေရွ႕ေနကလည္း ဒီေန႔က်ေနာ္တို႔ပါမလာတဲ့အတြက္ေၾကာင့္မို႔ မိသားစုဝင္ေတြပဲ ေနာက္ဆံုးသြားေတြ႕လာခဲ့ပါတယ္”

ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ဟာ ပန္းတေနာ္ေဒသခံ လယ္သမားေတြအတြက္ အကူအညီေပးရင္း အဖမ္းခံခဲ့ရတာျဖစ္တဲ့အတြက္ အမႈကေန ျပန္လည္လြတ္ေျမာက္ဖို႔ ေတာင္သူ ၁၀၀ ေက်ာ္က ဒီကေန႔ပန္းတေနာ္တရားရံုးမွာ ဒဏ္ေငြေပးေဆာင္ခဲ့ၾကၿပီး၊ သူ႔ကုိလႊတ္ေပးမယ္ ေျပာလုိက္တဲ့အတြက္ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္ေရွ႕မွာ ၄ နာရီၾကာ သြားေရာက္ေစာင့္ဆိုင္းခဲ့ၾကပါတယ္။

ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ကို ခ်မွတ္လိုက္တဲ့ ေထာင္ဒဏ္နဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး မိသားစုဝင္ေတြက ေရွ႕ေနေတြနဲ႔ တိုင္ပင္ၿပီး တရားဥပေဒအရ အယူခံဝင္ဖို႔ ဆက္လက္ႀကိဳးပမ္းသြားမယ္လို႔ သိရပါတယ္။

ဗိုလ္ႀကီးေဟာင္း ဦးေနမ်ိဳးဇင္ဟာ ၂၀၁၁ ခုႏွစ္အတြင္းက အီလက္ထေရာနစ္ပုဒ္မနဲ႔ ဖမ္းဆီးခံခဲ့ရၿပီး ေထာင္ဒဏ္ ၁၀ ႏွစ္ ျပစ္ဒဏ္ခ်မွတ္ခံခဲ့ရၿပီးေနာက္၊ ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ဇန္န၀ါရီ ၁၃ ရက္က သမၼတဦးသိန္းစိန္ရဲ႕ လြတ္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသာခြင့္အမိန္႔နဲ႔ ျပန္လည္လြတ္ေျမာက္လာသူ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

RFA Burmese

ဗိုလ်ြကီးေဟာင်း ေနမျိုးဇင်ကို ေထာင်ဒဏ် ၆ နှစ် ထပ်တိုး

ဧရာ၀တီတုိင်း မအူပင်ေထာင်မှာ အကျဉ်းကျခံေနရသူ ဗိုလ်ြကီးေဟာင်း ဦးေနမျိုးဇင်ကို ြပည်ထဲေရး၀န်ြကီးဌာနက လွတ်ြငိမ်းချမ်းသာခွင့်ေပးစဉ်က ေြကွးကျန်အြဖစ် သတ်မှတ်ထားတဲ့ ေထာင်ဒဏ် ၆ နှစ်ကို ြပန်လည်ကျခံေစဖို့ မေန့က အမိန့်ချမှတ်လိုက်ေြကာင်း ဇနီးြဖစ်သူ ေဒါ်ဇင်မျိုးေမာ်က ဒီဗွီဘီကို ေြပာပါတယ်။

ေန မျှိုး ဇင်

ဗိုလ်ြကီးေဟာင်း ဦးေနမျိုးဇင်ဟာ ၂၀၁၀ ြပည့်နှစ်မှာ အီလက်ထေရာနစ် ဆက်သွယ်ေဆာင်ရွက်ေရး ဥပေဒအရ ေထာင်ဒဏ် ၁၀ နှစ် ကျခံခဲ့ရြပီး ၂၀၁၂ ခုနှစ် ဇန်န၀ါရီ ၁၃ ရက်ေန့မှာ လွတ်ြငိမ်းချမ်းသာခွင့်နဲ့ ြပန်လည်လွတ်ေြမာက်လာပါတယ်။

လွှတ်ေပးစဉ်က ေနာက်ေနာင် ြပစ်မှု ကျူးလွန်ြခင်း မြပုပါ၊ ြပုပါက ကျန်ရစ် ေထာင်ဒဏ်ကိုကျခံပါမည် ဆိုတဲ့ ပုဒ်မ ၄၀၁ ကို လက်မှတ်ေရးထိုးခဲ့လို့ လက်ကျန် ေထာင်ဒဏ် ၆ နှစ် အမိန့်ချခံခဲ့ရတာလို့ သူက ရှင်းြပပါတယ်။

မြကာေသးခင်က ဧရာ၀တီတုိင်း ပန်းတေနာ် လယ်သမားေတွအေရး ကူညီေပးရင်းနဲ့ ေဒသခံ ရဲတပ်ဖွဲ့၀င်ေတွက ဦးေနမျုိးဇင်ကို  အြကည်ညို ပျက်ေစမှုပုဒ်မနဲ့ ပန်းတေနာ်တရားရံုးမှာ  အမှုဖွင့် တရားစွဲခဲ့ြပီးေနာက် ေမ ၂ ရက်ေန့မှာ တရားရံုးကေန ဒဏ်ေငွ ၂ ေသာင်း သို့မဟုတ် ေထာင် ၃ လ ချမှတ်လိုက်တဲ့အေပါ် ဦးေနမျိုးဇင်က ဒဏ်ေငွမေဆာင်ဘဲ ေထာင်ဒဏ် ၃ လ ကျခံခဲ့ပါတယ်။

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