The sectarian violence in Rakhine State stemmed from the fact that that ethnic Bengali wanted to turn the state into an Islamic state with that they were counting on technical advice and financial support from religious extremists from foreign countries like Bangladesh and Pakistan, according to a report from a commission set up to investigate the incident.
The commission questioned 1200 Rakhine nationals and 800 Bengalis living in the state.
The sectarian violence spread quickly across the state due to the government’s inability to protect the ethnic nationals, corrupt officials taking bribes to let illegal Bengali immigrants in, officials from Union Solidarity and Development Party issuing temporary registration cards to many Bengalis to win the 2010 Elections, the report added.
And the Rakhine community strongly believes Bengalis are trying to control Sittwe, the capital of the state and other main cities as the main waterways across the state are dominated by several Bengali villages making way for illegal Bengali migrants to enter the country easily, the report says.
Bengalis also said the conflicts are occurred due to racist attitudes of Rakhine ethnic nationals who used the rape incident in Kyauknemaw village in October 2012 as a motive to make trouble for them, according to the report.
And the report found that most of the Bengali only knew the killing of 10 Muslims in Taunggok without any knowledge of the Kyauknemaw incident.
The report also concluded incitement of both communities’ leaders is one of the key factors to cause the conflicts in last October.