Response to the Press Release of the ‘Rohingyas’ By Khin Maung Saw, Berlin, Germany 2009-wontharnu

Response to the Press Release of the ‘Rohingyas’ By Khin Maung Saw, Berlin, Germany

I. Introduction:

After reading the press release of the ‘Rohingyas’ (see the other attachment), as a Rakhaing I am obliged to write the real Arakanese History during the Mrauk U Dynasty. Apart from that, I like to give some responses to that press release:

First of all, in any case, the racial remarks of the Burmese Consul General in Hong Kong must be condemned, whoever these ‘Rohingyas’ are.

In the mean time a new article appeared in Irrawaddy on 16th Feb. 09, mentioning that those ‘Boat People’ sailed from Bangladesh and not from Arakan as the media informed. They were caned by the sailors who took them to Thailand (See the attachment, migrants —). Now it appears that these ‘Boat People’ have something to do with human trafficking. They are rather illegal immigrants seeking better fortune in more prosperous countries, the so-called “economic refugees” and NOT the political refugees of an ethnic minority group who were tortured and discriminated in their ‘Mother Land’.

Here I would like to suggest all media, Burmese Oppositions, including Irrawaddy, Burma Digest and other newspapers or journals should study the Arakanese History as well as the reports of the British Colonial Officers of the then British India (i.e. including Burma as a part of British Indian Empire) because they were neither Burmese, Arakanese nor the people of the Subcontinent but British, that means they were neutral persons and most of their contributions were for administrative purposes and/or for scholarly researches, needless to say they were objective.

In this paper, the present author will scrutinize all available authentic historical and etymological facts and answer the statements in their press release scholarly without any prejudice by using compare and contrast method.II. Responses to the press release:

In their Press release, the ‘Rohingyas’ claimed that Muslims were in Arakan since the10th Century:

1. Maurice Collis, however, wrote in his paper Arakan’s Place in the Civilization of the Bay: “Bengal was absorbed into this polity [that is, Islam] in 1203 A.D. But it was its extreme eastern limit. It never passed into Indo-China; and its influence from its arrival in 1203 till1430 was negligible upon Arakan”.2. In the 10th century A.D., even the biggest country in Southeast Asia with the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia, was under the Sri Vijaya Empire, which was a Hindu-Buddhist Empire.3. In the tenth century A.D. Arakan was ruled by the Buddhist kings of the Dhanyawaddy Dynasty and that old city site can still be seen near the small town Kyauk Taw. There is not a single evidence of Arabic culture or Islam faith there. The only non-Buddhist evidence found there are the Hindu deities.4. If their claims that their forefathers lived in Arakan since the10th Century AD are true, there is no doubt that their descendants who stayed in Arakan at least ten centuries might have spoken Burmese/Arakanese fluently and known native traditions and cultures like the “Burmese Muslims” in Shwebo District, “Myay Du Muslims” in Thandwe District and “Kaman Muslims” in Arakan. Even the Arakanese (Rakhaings) living in the Chittagong Hill Tracts nowadays, where Bengali plays the role of the official language, can still speak, read and write Burmese. Unfortunately, however, thepeople who are now calling themselves “Rohingyas” do not know any Arakanese/Burmese language and culture. The only language they speak is Bengali Chittagong dialect and the only culture they know is Bengali Culture of Chittagong Area.

III. Was Arakan A Muslim State?

Arakan was and is not a Muslim state. All Arakanese (Rakhaings) were and are devout Buddhists. The history of the Holy Maha Muni Image was and is a proof. Maha Muni Image, a colossal image cast in bronze and inlaid with gold, became the envy of almost all Burmese kings. Whenever they expanded their empire, they tried to rob this holy image. Starting from Anawratha (11th Century AD) to Bodaw U Waing (18th Century AD), most Burmese kings tried to snatch this statue. The Burmese Royal Armies looted this colossal image from the Arakan City or Mrauk U after the Burmese conquest of the Rakhaing Kingdom in the late 18th Century. They used the Arakanese prisoners of war, aboutthirty thousand including the last King of Arakan, Maha Thamada, as slave labour to carry that colossal image across the mountain range and for other slavery works like the reconstruction of Meikhila Lake, the aborted war against Siam etc. etc. Till now some Arakanese, especially from Sittwe and Mro Haung call the Burmese as “Robbers and Thugs of the Holy Image, Maha Muni”, ‘Phaya Thukho, Phaya Damya’. Continue reading “Response to the Press Release of the ‘Rohingyas’ By Khin Maung Saw, Berlin, Germany 2009-wontharnu”

National Democratic Front (NDF) coalition of ethnic nationalities declared the statement that they don’t accept the so-called Rohingyas Bengali as an Ethnic people of Burma

National Democratic Front (NDF) which is the coalition of ethnic nationalities of Burma declared the statement that they don’t accept the so-called Rohingyas Bengali as an Ethnic people of Burma.
ထုိင္းျမန္မာနယ္စပ္အေျခစုိက္ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု NDFအဖြဲ႔က
(ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာ)ကို ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ တုိင္းရင္းသား လူမ်ဳိးတမ်ဳိးအေနနဲ႔ အသိအမွတ္
ျပဳမွာမဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း ဒီကေန႔ ေၾကညာခ်က္ထုတ္ျပန္ ေျပာဆိုလုိက္ ပါတယ္။ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ရက္ပုိင္းေတြအတြင္း ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္းမွာ ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာမူဆလင္ေတြနဲ႔
ေဒသခံ ရခုိင္တုိင္းရင္းသားေတြၾကား အဓိကရုဏ္းေတြျဖစ္ပြါးခဲ့တဲ့အေပၚ အေျခခံၿပီး အခုလို ေၾကညာခ်က္ထုတ္ရတာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း NDFအဖြဲ႔
အေထြေထြ အတြင္းေရးမႉး (ခြန္အိုး)က ေျပာပါတယ္။

အခုလို ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္းအဓိကရုဏ္းေတြ ေပၚလာရတာဟာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ
အဆက္ဆက္ရဲ႕မွန္ကန္တိက်တဲ့ တရားဥပေဒစုိးမုိးေရး မရွိျခင့္ေၾကာင့္ပဲ
ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း NDFအဖြဲ႔ရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္က ဆိုပါတယ္။

ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္း ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့တဲ့ မၿငိမ္မသက္မႈေတြနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး
စုိးရိမ္ပူပန္ေၾကာင္း ၊ ျပစ္မႈက်ဴးလြန္သူေတြကို ဥပေဒေၾကာင္းအရ တိတိက်က် အေရးယူအျပစ္ေပးဖို႔နဲ႔ ၊ အသက္အုိးအိမ္ဆုံးရႈံးခဲ့ရတဲ့ ရခုိင္ျပည္သူေတြအတြက္ ကူညီ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးေတြကို ျမန္မာအစိုးရကေရာ
ႏုိင္ငံတကာအစိုးရေတြကပါ ဝိုင္းဝန္းပံ့ပုိးေပးဖို့ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီ
တပ္ေပါင္းစုအဖြဲ႔က ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ေၾကညာခ်က္ထဲမွာတုိက္တြန္းထားပါတယ္။

Photo: ထုိင္းျမန္မာနယ္စပ္အေျခစုိက္ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီတပ္ေပါင္းစု NDFအဖြဲ႔က<br />
(ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာ)ကို ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံရဲ႕ တုိင္းရင္းသား လူမ်ဳိးတမ်ဳိးအေနနဲ႔ အသိအမွတ္<br />
ျပဳမွာမဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း ဒီကေန႔ ေၾကညာခ်က္ထုတ္ျပန္ ေျပာဆိုလုိက္ ပါတယ္။</p>
<p>ၿပီးခဲ့တဲ့ ရက္ပုိင္းေတြအတြင္း ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္းမွာ ရုိဟင္ဂ်ာမူဆလင္ေတြနဲ႔<br />
ေဒသခံ ရခုိင္တုိင္းရင္းသားေတြၾကား အဓိကရုဏ္းေတြျဖစ္ပြါးခဲ့တဲ့အေပၚ အေျခခံၿပီး အခုလို ေၾကညာခ်က္ထုတ္ရတာျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း NDFအဖြဲ႔<br />
အေထြေထြ အတြင္းေရးမႉး (ခြန္အိုး)က ေျပာပါတယ္။</p>
<p>အခုလို ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္းအဓိကရုဏ္းေတြ ေပၚလာရတာဟာ ျမန္မာအစိုးရ<br />
အဆက္ဆက္ရဲ႕မွန္ကန္တိက်တဲ့ တရားဥပေဒစုိးမုိးေရး မရွိျခင့္ေၾကာင့္ပဲ<br />
 ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း NDFအဖြဲ႔ရဲ႕ ေၾကညာခ်က္က ဆိုပါတယ္။</p>
<p>ရခုိင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္း ေပၚေပါက္ခဲ့တဲ့ မၿငိမ္မသက္မႈေတြနဲ႔ ပတ္သက္ၿပီး<br />
စုိးရိမ္ပူပန္ေၾကာင္း ၊ ျပစ္မႈက်ဴးလြန္သူေတြကို ဥပေဒေၾကာင္းအရ တိတိက်က် အေရးယူအျပစ္ေပးဖို႔နဲ႔  ၊ အသက္အုိးအိမ္ဆုံးရႈံးခဲ့ရတဲ့ ရခုိင္ျပည္သူေတြအတြက္ ကူညီ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရးေတြကို ျမန္မာအစိုးရကေရာ<br />
 ႏုိင္ငံတကာအစိုးရေတြကပါ ဝိုင္းဝန္းပံ့ပုိးေပးဖို့ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီ<br />
တပ္ေပါင္းစုအဖြဲ႔က ထုတ္ျပန္တဲ့ေၾကညာခ်က္ထဲမွာတုိက္တြန္းထားပါတယ္။

No refuge for Rohingyas: Ashraf

Syed Ashraful Islam
Star Online Report

Bangladesh cannot open its border for religious extremists and rapists in the name of giving shelter to Rohingya refugees, said LGRD and Cooperatives Minister Syed Ashraful Islam on Wednesday. The sectarian violence in Myanmar has occurred centering the rape of a woman and if the law enforcement agencies there would have taken appropriate measures the present situation might not arise, he said. Mentioning that Bangladesh is a friend of peaceful people, the government and the ruling Awami League spokesperson said, “We can’t be friends of terrorists or rapists. So those who raped an innocent woman in Myanmar can’t be friends of Bangladesh.” Addressing the special extended meeting of Dhaka City AL at Mohanagar Natya Mancha, Ashraf, also the general secretary of the party, alleged that Jamaat-e-Islami had been instigating the sectarian clashes in Myanmar. “They [Jamaat] have chosen Myanmar as part of their plan to destabilise the international politics aiming to save the war criminals,” he claimed adding, “Jamaat has activities in many places like a multinational company.” The minister said Bangladesh was a safe haven for the criminals and extremists like Ulfa, Rohingyas, Taliban and al-Qaeda during the past BNP-Jamaat coalition rule. There were no terrorist organisations in the world that did not have any network in Bangladesh during the coalition regime, he added. AL leaders Mahbubul Alam Hanif, Mofazzal Hossain Chowdhury Maya, AFM Bahauddin Nasim, Ahmed Hossain, Qamrul Islam, among others, spoke at the meeting. http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/latest_news.php?nid=38533&fb_source=message

ကိုကိုၾကီး (ရွစ္ဆယ့္ရွစ္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ ေက်ာင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္)

ကိုကိုၾကီး (ရွစ္ဆယ့္ရွစ္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ ေက်ာင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္)

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥမွာ ကြန္ေတာ္တိုႏိုင္ငံမွာ အမ်ိဳးသားျပန္လည္သင့္ျမတ္ေရး လုပ္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ တတ္ႏိူင္သမွ် သည္းခံေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ ကိစၥသာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အခုရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥ ကို အခု အျပတ္ေျပာပါမယ္။ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဆိုတာ ကြန္ေတာ္တို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တိုင္ရင္သားလံုး၀မဟုတ္ပါဘူး.။ အခုျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ ဘူူးသီးေတာင္ ေမာင္းေတာကိစၥေတြမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ႏိုင္ငံၾကီးေတြက ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ကိစၥကို အျပည္ အစံု နားမလည္ဘဲ ၀င္ေရာက္ပတ္သတ္ စြက္ဖက္ေနတာကို လံုး၀ လက္မခံပါဘူး.။ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို႔ႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ အခ်ဳပ္ျခာကို ထိပါးတယ္လို ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို သတ္မွတ္ပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံ တကာႏွင့္ မ်က္နာမပ်က္ေအာင္ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားလို႕ ယူဆျပီး လူသားျခင္းစာနာမူ ကိုယ္ျခင္းစာနာမူ လိုက္ေလ်ာမူကို ႏိုင္ငံၾကီးေတြက ဖိအားေပးလာရင္ ကြ်န္ေတာ္တိုလက္ခံမွာမဟုတ္ဘူ။ ဆက္ျပီးဖိအားေပးလာရင္ ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို႕ ဒီမိုကေရစီ အင္အားစုေတြ အားလံုးက အမ်ိဳးသားေရး ကိစၥအျဖစ္ သတ္မွတ္ျပီး ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ႏွင့္ လက္တဲြေျဖရွင္းသြားမယ္..။

Photo

ကိုကိုၾကီး (ရွစ္ဆယ့္ရွစ္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ ေက်ာင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္)

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥမွာ ကြန္ေတာ္တိုႏိုင္ငံမွာ အမ်ိဳးသားျပန္လည္သင့္ျမတ္ေရး လုပ္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ တတ္ႏိူင္သမွ် သည္းခံေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ ကိစၥသာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အခုရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥ ကို အခု အျပတ္ေျပာ…See More

ကိုကိုၾကီး (ရွစ္ဆယ့္ရွစ္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ ေက်ာင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္)

ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥမွာ ကြန္ေတာ္တိုႏိုင္ငံမွာ အမ်ိဳးသားျပန္လည္သင့္ျမတ္ေရး လုပ္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ တတ္ႏိူင္သမွ် သည္းခံေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ ကိစၥသာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အခုရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥ ကို အခု အျပတ္ေျ…See More

Photo: ကိုကိုၾကီး (ရွစ္ဆယ့္ရွစ္ မ်ိဳးဆက္ ေက်ာင္းသားေခါင္းေဆာင္) ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥမွာ ကြန္ေတာ္တိုႏိုင္ငံမွာ အမ်ိဳးသားျပန္လည္သင့္ျမတ္ေရး လုပ္ေနတဲ့အခ်ိန္မွာ တတ္ႏိူင္သမွ် သည္းခံေဆာင္ရြက္ေနတဲ့ ကိစၥသာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။  ဒါေပမယ့္ အခုရိုဟင္ဂ်ာ ကိစၥ ကို  အခု အျပတ္ေျပာပါမယ္။ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာဆိုတာ ကြန္ေတာ္တို႔ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တိုင္ရင္သားလံုး၀မဟုတ္ပါဘူး.။ အခုျဖစ္ေနတဲ့ ဘူူးသီးေတာင္ ေမာင္းေတာကိစၥေတြမွာ  ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ႏိုင္ငံၾကီးေတြက ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ကိစၥကို  အျပည္ အစံု နားမလည္ဘဲ ၀င္ေရာက္ပတ္သတ္ စြက္ဖက္ေနတာကို လံုး၀ လက္မခံပါဘူး.။ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို႔ႏိုင္ငံရဲ႕ အခ်ဳပ္ျခာကို ထိပါးတယ္လို ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို သတ္မွတ္ပါတယ္။ ႏိုင္ငံ တကာႏွင့္ မ်က္နာမပ်က္ေအာင္ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားလို႕ ယူဆျပီး လူသားျခင္းစာနာမူ ကိုယ္ျခင္းစာနာမူ လိုက္ေလ်ာမူကို ႏိုင္ငံၾကီးေတြက  ဖိအားေပးလာရင္ ကြ်န္ေတာ္တိုလက္ခံမွာမဟုတ္ဘူ။ ဆက္ျပီးဖိအားေပးလာရင္ ကြ်န္ေတာ္တို႕ ဒီမိုကေရစီ အင္အားစုေတြ အားလံုးက အမ်ိဳးသားေရး ကိစၥအျဖစ္ သတ္မွတ္ျပီး ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ႏွင့္ လက္တဲြေျဖရွင္းသြားမယ္..။
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