MMN Workshop on Migration Trends and Responses in the Greater Mekong Subregion and Beyond, 30-31 August 2010, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Mekong Migration Network (MMN) in collaboration with MAP Foundation and Asian Migrant Centre organized the Workshop on Migration Trends and Responses in the Greater Mekong Subregion and Beyond on 30-31 August 2010, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The Workshop was attended by more than 50 participants most of whom are MMN members.

There have been a number of changes in responses to migration in the GMS in the last 10 years, including signing of Thailand-Laos, Thailand-Cambodia, Thailand-Burma MOUs on Employment Cooperation in 2002-3, Thai government’s response by issuing series of Thai Cabinet resolutions to register migrants who are already working inside the country, and migrant’s home countries allowing recruitment agencies to send workers legally to Thailand, etc.

While there are increasing government efforts to regulate migration in the GMS on one side, there is continued oppression of migrants on the other.

With this background, the MMN found it important and timely to look back migration policies, issues and responses in the GMS of the past decade to learn from the experiences of the past and also to identify what they mean for the coming decade. To help migrant advocates in the GMS, particularly the MMN members make an informed planning, the second half of the workshop progam was dedicated to reviewing the global trends.

The Workshop objectives:

1) To learn from the experiences of the past decade regarding migration responses in the GMS;
2) To broaden awareness on migration issues in the GMS by exploring global trends; and
3) To identify emerging issues to inform the MMN’s future initiatives.

The Workshop program:

Plenary 1: “Review of the migration policies, issues, and responses in the GMS of the last decade: National, Bilateral and Regional Level”

a) Changes in policies and issues in the host country of migrants: Thailand
Ms. La-or Kaewniyom
Chief of the Foreigner Working System Development Section, the Office of Foreign Workers Administration, Department of Employment, Ministry of Labour, Royal Thai Government

b) Changes in policies and issues in the country of migrants’ origin: Cambodia (PDF 452KB)
Mr. Chuop Narath
Deputy Director of the Department of Labour and Vocational Training, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Focal Point for the Implementation of the ASEAN Declaration, Royal Cambodian Government

c) Impact of policy and issue changes on migrants
Mr. Jai Sak and Ms. Ma May Htoo
d) Good Governance of Migration: ILO Framework and its Implication for the GMS (PDF 142KB)
Mr. Pracha Vasuprasat
Director, Japan Project on Managing Cross Border Labour in the Southeast Asia, International Labour Organisation

Small group discussion: Mapping the impact of key changes in migration policies and issues

a) What have been the key changes for migrants in terms of exercising their rights?
b) What have been the gains and setbacks in terms of providing services for migrants and/or migrants’ accessing services? (health care, legal justice system with interpreters, education, support for integration etc)
c) Identify gaps and limitation of policies

Activity (Market place) : What are key changes needed?

Plenary 2: “Global issues that impact migration”

a) Environment and migration: damming on rivers in Burma and its link to migration (PDF 915KB)
Mr. Sai Sai
Coordinator, Burma Rivers Network

a) Globalisation/economic integration and migration (PDF 18KB)
Ms. Chanida Chanyapate Bamford
Dierctor, Focus on the Global South

b) Conflicts and migration (PDF 626KB)
Ms. Khin Ohmar
Coordinator, Burma Partnership

Small group discussion: Linkages between the global trends and migration in the GMS

Plenary 3: “Global trends in responses to migration”

a) Migration and Development (PDF 1.5MB)
Mr. Rex Varona
Programme Coordinator, Asian Migrant Centre

b) Portability
Ms. Jackie Pollock
Director, MAP Foundation
Chairperson, MMN Steering Committee

c) Security (PDF 93KB)
Mr. Phil Robertson
Deputy Director, Asia Division, Human Rights Watch

WS group photo 2.JPG presentation 2 a.JPG discussion 1 a.JPG presentation 1 a.JPG

activity 2 a.JPG small group 2 a.JPG activity 1 a.JPG small group 1 a.JPG

Myanmar, South Korean groups to strengthen ties

THE Myanmar-South Korea Friendship Association and a South Korean counterpart have signed a memorandum of understanding aimed at strengthening their relationship.

The MOU with the South Korea-Myanmar Interchange Association was signed in Yangon on February 24, said the general secretary of the Myanmar-South Korea Friendship Association, U Than Win.

It was signed by Dr Khin Shwe, the vice chairman of the Myanmar grouping, and Mr Mok Tak-hye Eun, the chair of the interchange association.

U Than Win said the MOU provided for the two non-government organisations to coordinate activities involving the economy, health, education, science and technology, social relations, culture and fine arts.

The two organisations also agreed to assist South Korea businesses to invest in Myanmar, U Than Win said.

He said the Myanmar-South Korea Friendship Association would help prospective South Korean investors to make contact with government departments and the private sector.

The Myanmar-South Korea Friendship Association, which was formed last November and was officially recognised by the government on January 20, has about 300 members, U Than Win said.

U Than Win said the association would hold a seminar this month aimed at strengthening ties with another counterpart grouping, the South Korea-Myanmar Friendship Association.

U Than Win said that as part of its cultural exchange activities, the Myanmar association was also organising a concert this month which would feature performances by members of the South Korean community in Myanmar, which numbers about 900 people.

Junta backed Paper  Myanmar Times

တုိင္းရင္းသား လက္နက္ကိုင္ အဖဲြ႕မ်ား ဒုတိယအႀကိမ္ လွ်ဳိ႕၀ွက္စည္းေ၀း by KIC

စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၈ရက္။ ေစာသိန္းျမင့္ (ေကအုိင္စီ)
စစ္အစုိးရကို ေတာ္လွန္တုိက္ခုိက္ေနေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္တပ္ဖဲြ႕မ်ားႏွင့္ နယ္ျခားေစာင့္တပ္ ဖဲြ႕စည္းေရးကို ျငင္း ဆန္ေနေသာ တုိင္းရင္းသား လက္နက္ကိုင္တပ္ဖဲြ႕ စုစုေပါင္း (၆)ဖဲြ႕ စက္တင္ဘာလ ၂၄ရက္ေန႔မွ ၂၆ရက္ေန႔အထိ ဒုတိယအ ႀကိမ္ လွ်ိဳ႕၀ွက္အစည္းအေ၀းတရပ္ ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ့သည္ဟု သိရသည္။

အဆုိပါ အစည္းအေ၀းတြင္ ကရင္အမ်ဳိးသားအစည္းအ႐ုံး(KNU) အပါအ၀င္ ကရင္နီအမ်ဳိးသားတုိးတက္ေရးပါတီ(KNPP)၊ ခ်င္းအမ်ဳိးသားတပ္ဦး(CNF)၊ မြန္ျပည္သစ္ပါတီ(NMSP)၊ ကခ်င္လြတ္ေျမာက္ေရးအဖဲြ႕ႏွင့္ ရွမ္းျပည္တပ္မေတာ္-ေျမာက္ပိုင္း (SSA-N)တုိ႔ တက္ေရာက္ေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့ၾကသည္ဟု သိရသည္။ Continue reading “တုိင္းရင္းသား လက္နက္ကိုင္ အဖဲြ႕မ်ား ဒုတိယအႀကိမ္ လွ်ဳိ႕၀ွက္စည္းေ၀း by KIC”

ကမၻာ့ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးေန႔ႏွင့္ ေရႊ၀ါေရာင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး ႏွစ္ပတ္လည္ အခမ္းအနား ထုိင္းႏိုင္ငံ ေတာင္ပိုင္းတြင္က်င္းပ

0928aယခုလ (၂၁)ရက္ေန႔တြင္ က်ေရာက္ေသာ ကမၻာ့ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ေန႔ႏွင့္ (၂၆)ရက္ေန႔တြင္ က်ေရာက္ေသာ ေရႊ၀ါေရာင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရး ႏွစ္ပတ္လည္ေန႔ အခမ္းအနားမ်ားကို ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံေတာင္ပိုင္း၊ ဖန္ငျပည္နယ္ ဘန္နမ္ခမ္းေက်းရြာတြင္ ပူေပါင္း က်င္းပခဲ့ၾကသည္။

Andaman Migrant Network ဟု အမည္ေပးထားသည္ အစိုးမဟုတ္သည့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား ပူးေပါင္းထားသည့္ NGO ညႊန္႔ေပါင္းအဖြဲ႔မွ ဦးေဆာင္ က်င္းပခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ အဆိုပါ အခမ္အနားသို႔ ေဒသခံ ထိုင္းလူမ်ိဳးမ်ား၊ ေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းျမန္မာ အလုပ္သမားမ်ား၊ လူမႈေရး လုပ္သားမ်ားႏွင့္ အစိုးရမဟုတ္သည့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ားမွ ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ား စုစုေပါင္း (၅၀)ခန္႔ တက္ေရာက္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

ေရွးဦးစြာ ထိုင္းႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ ဘုန္းေတာ္ႀကီးမ်ားက တရား ေရေအး တိုက္ေကၽြးၿပီး အခမ္းအနားကို ဖြင့္လွစ္ေပးခဲ့သည္။ ေန႔လည္ပိုင္းတြင္ ထိုင္း၊ ျမန္မာ ဘုန္းေတာ္ ႀကီးမ်ား၊ ထိုင္းႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ လူထုေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား၊ ထိုင္း၊ ျမန္မာႏွင့္ ေဒသခံ စလံုလူမ်ိဳး လူငယ္ေခါင္း ေဆာင္မ်ားက ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ ၎တို႔၏ သေဘာထားမ်ားကို အသီးသီး ေျပာၾကားသြားခဲ့ၿပီး ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ အျမင္သေဘာထားမ်ားကို ေဆြးေႏြး ဖလွယ္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။

ထို႔ေနာက္ ျမန္မာႏွင့္ စလံုလူမ်ိဳး ကေလးငယ္မ်ားက ရိုးရာ အကမ်ားျဖင့္ ေဖ်ာ္ေျဖခဲ့ၾကၿပီး အခမ္းအနား တက္ေရာက္လာသူမ်ားက ထိုင္းရိုးရာ အားကစားနည္းမ်ားကို ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္စြာ ကစားခဲ့ၾကသည္။ ထိုအခမ္းအနားတြင္ ေရႊ၀ါေရာင္ ေတာ္လွန္ေရးႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည္ သတင္းမွတ္တမ္းကားကိုလည္း ျပသခဲ့သည္။

အဆိုပါ အခမ္းအနားသို႔ တက္ေရာက္လာသည့္ ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံ ေက်ာင္းသူေခါင္းေဆာင္ေဟာင္း Ms. Kodchawan Chaiyabutr က “ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး မရိွလို႔ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္းထဲမွာ ပဋိပကၡေတြ မ်ားေနတာပါ။ ထိုင္းႏိုင္ငံမွာပဲ ၾကည့္ၾကည့္၊ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွာပဲ ၾကည့္ၾကည့္ တစ္ဦးနဲ႔ တစ္ဦး ေမတၱာထားႏိုင္မယ္၊ နားလည္မႈရိွရိွနဲ႔ သည္းခံ ခြင့္လႊတ္ၿပီး ခ်စ္ခ်စ္ခင္ခင္ ေနထိုင္ႏိုင္မယ္ဆိုရင္ လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္း တစ္ရပ္လံုး ေအးခ်မ္းၿပီး ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးလာလိမ့္မယ္လို႔ က်မ ယံုၾကည္ပါတယ္။ တစ္ကမၻာလံုး အတိုင္းအတာနဲ႔ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးကိုရဖို႔ ကိုယ့္ေဒသတြင္း၊ ကိုယ့္ရပ္ရြာ၊ ကိုယ့္လူ႔အဖြဲ႔အစည္း အတြင္းမွာ  တႏိုင္ တပိုင္နဲ႔ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ေတြကို အစပ်ိဳး လုပ္ေဆာင္ရမွာပါ” ဟု ေျပာဆို သြားခဲ့သည္။

အစိုးရမဟုတ္သည့္ အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမ်ား စုေပါင္းဖြဲ႔စည္းထားသည့္ Adman Migrants Network တြင္ ပညာေရးႏွင့္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရး ေဖါင္ေဒးရွင္း (FED)၊ စတိယမ္ ကိုစင္ ေဖါင္းေဒးရွင္း (SNF)၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ေရႊ႕ေျပာင္း အလုပ္သမားမ်ားအဖြဲ႔ (IOM)၊ ေ၀ါလ္ ဗြီးရွင္း (WVFT)ႏွင့္ ကာမီလို အဖြဲ႔ (Camelo)တို႔ ပါ၀င္သည္။