ဧဒင္အုပ္စုဆိုတာ နအဖထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ႀကီးေတြနဲ ့ ေပါင္းျပီး ကိုယ္က်ဳိးစီးပြား ေသာင္းက်န္းေနတဲ့ ခ်စ္ခုိင္က ပိုင္ဆိုင္ထားတဲ့ ကုမၸဏီ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ နအဖထိပ္ပိုင္းေခါင္းေဆာင္ေတြနဲ ့ အေပးအယူေတြလုပ္ျပီး ႀကီးပြားခ်မ္းသာေနတဲ့ ခ်စ္ခိုင္ဟာ အရင္ ခင္ညႊန္ ့လက္ထက္က ေထာက္လွမ္းေရး ဗိုလ္ခ်ဴပ္ ေက်ာ္၀င္းနဲ ့ ရင္းႏွီးသူ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ခင္ညႊန္ ့ ျပဳတ္ျပီးေနာက္မွာ ေက်ာ္၀င္းဟာ နအဖ သန္းေရႊဘက္ကို ျပန္ျပီး ဖားယားေပါင္းေနတာေႀကာင့္ ခ်စ္ခိုင္ဟာလည္း စီးပြားေရးဆက္လက္ေသာင္းက်န္းေနလို ့ ရေနပါတယ္။
ခ်စ္ခိုင္ရဲ ့ ေအဒင္အုပ္စုဟာ ရန္ကုန္ကမာၻေအးဘုရားလမ္းက Sakura Resident၊ ကန္ေတာ္ႀကီးေစာင္းက Signature စားေသာက္ဆုိင္၊ ေနျပည္ေတာ္က သဂၤဟဟုိတယ္၊ ေတာင္ႀကီးေအးသာယာ Resort ေတြကို ပုိင္ဆုိင္ထားၿပီး နအဖေတြရဲ ့ ေနျပည္ေတာ္မွာလည္း ဥာဏသိဒၶိရပ္ကြက္ႀကီး တည္ေဆာက္ခဲ့သည့္ ကုမၸဏီျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ခ်စ္ခိုင္ရဲ ့ ဧဒင္အုပ္စုဟာလည္း တုိင္းျပည္သယံဇာတေတြကို အလြဲသုံးစားလုပ္ျပီး နအဖရဲ ့ အမာခံ စီးပြားေရးအုပ္စုႀကီးေတြထဲက တစ္ခု ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
ခ်စ္ခိုင္ရဲ ့ ဧဒင္အုပ္စုအေႀကာင္း ဇစ္ျမစ္ကို ေဖၚျပျပီးတဲ့ေနာက္ ယခု ဧဒင္ေဆာက္လုပ္ေရးရဲ ့ အင္ဂ်င္နီယာခ်ဴပ္ျဖစ္သူ မ်ဳိးမင္းထြန္းရဲ ့ အလုပ္သမားေတြအေပၚ မတရား အႏိုင္က်င့္မွဳကို ေဖၚျပလိုပါတယ္။ ဒီ အင္ဂ်င္နီယာခ်ဴပ္ မ်ဳိးမင္းထြန္းဟာ ဆရာခ်စ္ခိုင္ရဲ ့ ပ စားထားမွဳေႀကာင့္ လက္ေအာက္ခံအလုပ္သမားေတြအေပၚ ေမာက္မာစြာ မတရားဆက္ဆံပါတယ္။
ဧဒင္ေဆာက္လုပ္ေရးရဲ ့ အင္ဂ်င္နီယာခ်ဴပ္ မ်ဳိးမင္းထြန္းဟာ အရက္ေသစာ ေသာက္စားမူးယစ္ျပီး ေအာက္ေျခအလုပ္သမားေတြကို မိုက္မိုက္ရိုင္းရိုင္း ဆဲေရးတိုင္းထြာေလ့ရွိပါတယ္။ သူ ့လက္ေအာက္မွာ ရွိတဲ့ SAE တင္ေအာင္ကို၊ GE မိုးဇာလီဗအာင္တို ့ကေနတစ္ဆင့္ ပန္းရံအလုပ္သမားေတြရဲ ့ လစာကို မရွင္းဘဲ ေနတာေတြ ရွိပါတယ္။ ေအာက္ေျခလူတန္းစား အလုပ္သမားေတြကို ဧဒင္ ေဆာက္လုပ္ေရးရဲ ့ အင္ဂ်င္နီယာေတြက အခုလို မတရား အႏိုင္က်င့္ေနတာဟာ သူတို ့ရဲ ့ ကုမၸဏီပိုင္ရွင္ ခ်စ္ခိုင္က မသိက်ဳိးက်င္ျပဳျပီးေနေႀကာင္းလည္း သိရွိရပါတယ္။
The Burma military regime’s plans to introduce a Border Guard Force in Karen State, before general elections are held in 2010, have run into trouble with some ceasefire groups.
Fighting broke out on Tuesday night between members of the DKBA opposed to the BGF and Burma Army soldiers. As a result more than 300 villagers took refuge at Waw Lay, in neighboring Thailand. Burma Army artillery battalions have since taken up positions in case the conflict erupts into full-scale warfare.
As the deadline for compliance to join the BGF neared, high-level talks between some representatives from the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army, held in secret locations on the Thai Burma border, are cause for concern for those opposed to the plans.
The Border Guard Force is the military regime’s attempt to disarm and bring the ceasefire ethnic armies under the control of the Burma Army before the planned 2010 election.
As the meeting ended, a DKBA representative from Special Battalion 999 said that after a prolonged and heated debate there was an agreement to accept the BGF.
But not all DKBA officers are united or behind the result to join the BGF.
A DKBA officer speaking by phone on the Thai Burma border told KIC the meeting was not representative of all DKBA units.
“It’s mainly Maung Chit Thu and his followers. There will be a split in the DKBA. The ‘for’ group are arguing that if we don’t join [the BGF] there will be war and more suffering for our Karen people. But our people are already suffering, look at the recent troubles in Pa-an district; our civilians are refugees, our soldiers lost limbs to landmines and died in the fighting.”
Tensions around the talks have raised the possibility of further conflict. As a result, villagers in the area have started to cross over to the safety of Thailand. Villagers are also concerned about forced recruitment into the DKBA or the BGF. In response to the tensions, the Burma Army has ordered 10 more battalions into the area. A Myawaddy resident who witnessed the troop movements said.
“Since Tuesday, a lot of army trucks have been coming to Myawaddy.”
Getting the ceasefire armies to accept the concept of the BGF, has not been easy for the regime. Many groups have shown a reluctance to accept changes that the BGF will mean for their present structures and businesses. Reasons given have ranged from a loss of ethnic identity, to a loss of arms, to being under the direct control of Burma Army officers. Continue reading “DKBA troops at war with BGF decision”
Forced Labor in Nyaunglebin District (Photo: FTUK)
While Labor Day is a national holiday in Thailand, most Burmese migrant workers will not be allowed time off work to celebrate.
In Thailand, only some Burmese factory workers will be given the holiday. Agricultural, domestic and construction workers will have to turn up for work.
Saw Hla, a construction worker in Tak province, works from eight in the morning to five in the evening, with a one-hour lunch break. He says the May Day celebrations will make no difference to his daily schedule.
“I have to work every day, Labor Day or not. I work seven days a week for 3,000 baht a month. Before I started, I was promised 3,500 baht, but the boss changed that after I started work.”
Saw Hla says he does not like the heavy work.
“The work is hard. It’s heavy, carrying cement, sand, rocks, bricks and concrete tanks. The boss always shouts at us. He treats us badly. I don’t have options. If I did I would leave,” he said.
There are 280 factories in the Mae Sot border district according to officials. But, labor activist, Moe Joe, chairperson, for the Joint Action Committee for Burma Affairs, estimates there are as many as 1,000 factories- both big and small.
“Some are small operations with no proper sanitation and safety controls. And, some are big and employ as many as 4,000 workers. All have problems. If workers are sick and if they need time off they are given only a few hours. Many employers prefer single workers to those who have small children. Many newly married couples fear getting sacked if a pregnancy occurs. Some risk backyard abortions to keep their job. ”
Human rights groups and labor organizations estimate as many as three million migrant workers from Laos, Cambodia and Burma have made the tough decision to make the arduous trek from their homeland into Thailand. About 80 percent of these are Burmese.
Human Rights Watch said in a press release to launch their recent report, ‘From the tiger to the crocodile: Abuse of migrant workers in Thailand’, Burmese employees are subjected to “…severe human rights abuses faced by migrant workers in Thailand, including killings, torture in detention, extortion, and sexual abuse, and labor rights abuses such as trafficking, forced labor, and restrictions on organizing.”
Maung Than Soe, 27, has worked 10 years in the same clothing factory in Mae Sot making shirts and doesn’t know if he will get a May Day holiday. Continue reading “Burmese migrant workers denied May Day holiday by KIC”
The Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), the second largest winning party in the whole of Burma and the top winning one in Shan State in the 1990 elections, released a statement on 3 May that the party will not re-register to contest in the upcoming general elections unless its party chairman and other imprisoned leaders are released, according to Sai Lake, the party’s spokesman.
The announcement came after the military junta failed to give response to the party’s petitions, said the spokesman said.
According to the announcement, the party had sent petitions to Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) twice (on 21 December 2009 and on 6 February 2010) for meetings with its two imprisoned leaders in order to discuss the party’s future plans.
“The EC members took a decision not to re-register unless they were allowed to discuss matters with their leaders,” said Sai Lake. “The party’s main point is the release of all our leaders and then a tripartite dialogue (between the NLD, junta and ethnic nationalities).”
In addition, the junta drawn 2008 constitution is undemocratic and its recently announced electoral laws are also not all-inclusive, the statement said.
It said that the party leaders were arrested for failing to attend the junta’s second time National Convention (NC) which was held in 2004 to draft guidelines for the new union constitution.
The party had attended the first time NC which took place for 3 years from 1993-1996, in the hope of achieving self- determination, ethnic equality and to build a genuine democratic country. However, in reality, things did not turn out as expected. The party therefore decided not to attend the second NC and as a result, its leaders were sentenced to long-term imprisonment, said the statement. Continue reading “Shan elected party announces it will not re-register”
Naypyitaw continues lobbying the ceasefire groups for Border Guard Force (BGF) program despite the fact that the deadline has been expired last week and there was no sign of responses from most remaining ceasefire groups.
A commander of the military regime in southeastern Shan State has met a ceasefire group for the BGF program but received an empty response from the group.
On 30 April, Maj-Gen Kyaw Phyoe, commander of Golden Triangle Region Command held a meeting with National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) known as Mongla group, at their headquarters, to convince the group once more to transform into Naypyitaw run border guard force.
The commander also brought a music band and some Burmese singers with him and performed to the local residents in Mongla, opposite China’s Daluo province. “No one went to the concert, except Burmans”, said a local resident in Mongla, southeastern Shan State, who requested anonymity.
NDAA responded to Maj-Gen Kyaw Phyoe that it had nothing more to say about the guard force program as they had already submitted its proposal to Naypyitaw several times which was rejected again and again, he said.
Naypyitaw seems to have ordered its commander to use different technique to lobby the ceasefire groups as it has learned that the ceasefire groups has become more united against the junta. It was also aware that ceasefire groups would not accept the ways it had used such as force and threats, said a border watcher from the Sino-Burma border, who also requested not to be unnamed. Continue reading “Junta meets Mongla group again”