Skip to content

Burma police ‘used white phosphorous’ on mine protesters-FACT FINDIN REPORT

February 14, 2013

Burmese police fired military-issue white phosphorus grenades to disperse protesters at a controversial copper mine, a new report says.

Roger Normand JUSTICE TRUST USA

Roger Normand JUSTICE TRUST USA

ဘယ္သူက ပစ္မိန္႔ေပးခဲ့သလဲဟု ပေရာ္ဖက္ဆာ
Roger Normand ေမးရန္ကုန္၊ ေဖေဖာ္၀ါရီ၊ ၁၄။

လက္ပံေတာင္းေတာင္ အၾကမ္းဖက္ၿဖိဳခြဲမႈႏွင့္ ပတ္သတ္၍
‘ဘယ္သူက ပစ္မိန္႔ေပးခဲ့သလဲ’ ဟု Justice Trust (USA) မွ ဒါရိုက္တာျဖစ္သူ ပေရာ္ဖက္ဆာ Roger Normand က
ေဖေဖာ္ဝါရီ ၁၄ ရက္တြင္ ရန္ကုန္ၿမိဳ႕ ေတာ္ဝင္ႏွင္းဆီ၌
က်င္းပျပဳလုပ္ေသာ လက္ပံေတာင္းေတာင္အေရး စာနယ္ဇင္းရွင္းလင္းပြဲ၌ ေမးျမန္းခဲ့ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

“ဒီအေရးႀကီးတဲ့ေမးခြန္းကို ေဒသဆိုင္ရာ ျပည္သူေတြကလည္း
ေမးေနပါတယ္၊ အားလံုးကလည္း သိခ်င္ေနတယ္။ ဒါေတြနဲ႔
ပတ္သတ္ၿပီး အစိုးရထိပ္ပိုင္းအရာရွိေတြမွာ အဓိက တာ၀န္ရွိ
တယ္လို႔ ထင္တယ္။ ဒီေဒသမွာ ရွိေနတဲ့ ရဲအရာရွိေတြ လက္ထဲမွာ ဒီလက္နက္ေတြ သံုးဖို႔ဆိုတာ သူတို႔ကိုယ္၌က ပစ္မိန္႔ေတြ
ေပးဖို႔ဆိုတာ မျဖစ္ေလာက္ဘူး။ ရဲဝန္ထမ္းေတြ ရာခ်ီၿပီး သပိတ္
စခန္းေတြ ၿဖိဳခြင္းတဲ့ပံုစံဟာ ႀကိဳတင္စီစဥ္ထားပံုရတယ္” ဟု ၄င္းက ေျပာၾကားသည္။

လက္ပံေတာင္းေတာင္ အၾကမ္းဖက္ၿဖိဳခြဲမႈမွာ ဆယ္ပတ္ေက်ာ္ ၾကာျမင့္ေနၿပီျဖစ္ေသာ္လည္း ယခုအခ်ိန္ထိ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္
တစ္စံုတစ္ရာ မရွိေသးေၾကာင္း၊ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္ကို
ခန္႔အပ္ခဲ့သည့္ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးေကာ္မရွင္တြင္ ရဲဌာန၏
စီမံခန္႔ခြဲမႈ မပါ၀င္သည့္အတြက္ ရဲဌာနႏွင့္ ပတ္သတ္၍ စံုစမ္း
စစ္ေဆးမွဳ မရွိေၾကာင္း၊ ယင္းတြင္ အသံုးျပဳခဲ့ေသာ လက္နက္မ်ားမွာ
ေလ့က်င့္ထားသည့္ စစ္ဘက္ဆိုင္ရာဌာနမ်ားတြင္သာအသံုးျပဳရသည့္ လက္နက္မ်ားျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း Roger Normand က ေျပာၾကားသည္။

“ဒီအၾကမ္းဖက္ၿဖိဳခြဲမွႈဟာ တရားဥပေဒစိုးမိုးေရးနဲ႔ ဒီမိုကေရစီကို သြားေနတဲ့ႏိုင္ငံမွာ သိပ္အရုပ္ဆိုးလြန္းတယ္။ အစိုးရသစ္
လက္ထက္မွာ ျဖစ္လာတဲ့ ဒီလိုကိစၥေတြကို ေသေသခ်ာခ်ာ ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းသင့္တယ္။ ဒါဟာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြက္
အေရးႀကီးတဲ့ စမ္းသပ္ခ်က္တစ္ခု ျဖစ္ပါလိမ့္မယ္” ယင္းက ဆက္လက္ေျပာၾကားသည္။

ယင္းက ဆက္လက္၍ လက္ပံေတာင္းဆႏၵျပမႈသည္ ေဒသခံ
ျပည္သူမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ ၄င္းတို႔၏ အခြင့္အေရးအရ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းစြာ
ဆႏၵျပျခင္းသာ ျဖစ္ၿပီး အျခားဒီမိုကေရစီႏိုင္ငံမ်ားတြင္ ျဖစ္ေနက်
ပံုစံမ်ဳိးသာျဖစ္သည့္အတြက္ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ေျဖရွင္းလိုက္သည့္ပံုစံမွာ
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ တရားဥပေဒစိုးမိုးေရးကို စိန္ေခၚလိုက္သလုိ
ျဖစ္ေနေၾကာင္း၊ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ အေရးႀကီးသည့္ေမးခြန္းကို
မီဒီယာသမားမ်ား အေနျဖင့္ ေမးျမန္းရန္တာဝန္ရွိေၾကာင္း
ေျပာၾကားသြားခဲ့သည္။

ရည္မြန္

FROM 30.JANUARY 2013       http://democracyforburma.wordpress.com/2013/01/30/burma-myanmar-police-used-phosphorus-on-ladpadaung-protesters-lawyers-say/

Scores of people, many of them monks, were injured and burned when authorities moved in to violently end months of demonstrations in November.

Burmese lawyers and the US-based Justice Trust compiled the report.

12213_305886789522392_446222107_n

It was based on eyewitness testimony, photos and forensic analysis of a used grenade cartridge.

The mine at Monywa is jointly owned by a Chinese company and the Burmese military. Local villagers had embarked on months of sit-in protests, claiming they had been unfairly forced to give up their land.

No one from the Burmese government was available to comment immediately on the report.

An official commission established in the immediate aftermath of the violent conclusion of the protests has yet to deliver its findings.

‘Military munitions’The 41-page report says that in the early morning of 29 November, Burmese police repeatedly fired white phosphorus grenades, both into the air and along the ground into camps of protesters.

It quotes witnesses saying they saw bright flares in the sky, and that a sticky, flaming substance was released which set the camps on fire and burned through clothes, skin and flesh.

White phosphorus has often been used on the battlefield, such as in the Iraqi city of Fallujah. It is highly controversial.

“It’s unheard of for police to use incendiary military munitions against peaceful protesters during a law enforcement operation,” Roger Normand, director of the Justice Trust, said at the report’s launch in Rangoon.

The authors of the report obtained one of the grenade cartridges used in the dispersal and tested it at an independent laboratory.

They say that the results showed levels of residue consistent with it being from white phosphorus.

The findings are supported by photos and witness accounts that were published at the time. Many of those injured were monks with horrific burns on their bodies.

The report also examined the villagers’ grievances against the copper mine which led them to start the protest.

It alleges that local officials lied and intimidated them in order to make them sign contracts to hand over their land.

Many see the mine dispute as an important test case of how the now reform-minded Burmese authorities handle issues dating back to decades of military dictatorship.

In the immediate aftermath of the protests, Burmese President Thein Sein established an Investigation Commission led by opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi.

Its initial brief was a far-reaching look at the copper mine, the protest and its violent dispersal.

Two days later, without explanation, the mandate was changed to exclude looking at the cause of the protests or why people had been injured. That report has yet to be made public.

 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-21455087
About these ads
No comments yet

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 3,549 other followers

%d bloggers like this: